verb is a word or a combination of words that indicates action or a state of being or condition. A verb is the part of a sentence that tells us what the subject performs.
Verbs are the hearts of English sentences.When using proper grammar, it is important that you use verbs correctly. So, we are going to explore the many different types of verbs that we use and how to successfully use them to create great, clear sentences.
Verbs can also use many different verb tenses to, generally speaking, tell use when an event happens. These different tenses consist of past,present, and future tenses to describe events that happened before now, are happening right now, or will happen later.
Following are the different types of verbs.
A verb that's past (2nd form) and past participle (3rd form) is made by adding 'd' or'ed'is called regular verb. Some regular verb list is given below.
If the formation of the verb is otherwise than the regular verb, it is called irregular verb. For example,
A verb that acts as a link between two words is called linking verb. It connects or links a subject to a noun or an adjective in the predicate.
Linking verb list:
A verb that needs an object to complete itself is called transitive verb. It is called transitive because it passes its action from subject to object.
Usually no preposition is used after transitive verb.
Now see another example: The servant cleans the floor.
In this sentence, the action denoted by the verb cleans passes from the doer, the servant, to some object, the floor. Thus the verb ‘cleans’ is called a transitive verb.
A verb that doesn’t need any object to complete itself is called intransitive verb. It does not pass its action from subject to the object.
Usually prepositions is used after intransitive verb.
Another example: We sleep at night.
In this sentence, the action, sleep, do not pass from the doer, we, to any object. So the verb sleep is called an intransitive verb.
Finite verbs mean those verbs which can change their form in accordance with the subject. It defines the time (past or present) and the subject. It tells you who is doing the action and when it is being done.
An infinitive is a verb which has “to” before it. It shows infinite action when is used at the beginning of the sentence.
If we look at the function that an infinitive verb does in a sentence, we may consider it to be both a noun and a verb.
Here is an example,
I like to finish the work quickly.
In this sentence, the phrase to finish does the following jobs.
In some cases, it behaves even like an adjective, as in the following sentence.
That was a game to watch!
In this sentence, to watch tells us something more about the quality of the game (a noun). Describing a noun is the work of an adjective.
Sometimes it behaves like an adverb. The sentence below illustrates this.
Her voice is pleasant to hear.
The phrase to hear tells us something more about the quality of being pleasant. The word pleasant is an adjective, and words that tell us more about an adjective (adjective modifiers) are traditionally called adverbs.
A split infinitive puts an adverb and adverb between the two parts of the full infinitive. “To generously sprinkle” is a split infinitive because “generously” splits the word “to” from the word “sprinkle”.
When we put an adverb between “to” and “verb”, it is called Split Infinitive.
If you want to remember what a split infinitive is, just remember what might be the most famous example: “to boldly go where no one has gone before.” “To boldly go” is a split infinitive. “Boldly” splits “to go.”
However, it is suggested to avoid split infinitive. For example,
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